Takeaway platform "No cutlery" option
The scale of the Internet catering market has grown exponentially, and the co
nsequent problem of Disposable tableware
pollution is also very serious. It is reported that China's two major take-away platforms, the United States and the hungry, respectively launched the "Qingshan plan" and "blue planet plan" enviro
nmental protection program. However, some people think that the role of the take-away platform can be limited in dealing with the problem of take-away waste, and it must be coupled with the catering companies, disposable tableware manufacturers, and consumers. All of us share the respo
nsibility and can expect to improve the take-away lunch boxes. Enviro
According to big data, 3 out of every 10 Chinese people are take-out users and can produce more than 20 million takeaways per day. In the next ten years, the socialization, intensification, and industrialization of the kitchen will have tremendous development, and the consequent problem of disposable tableware pollution will also come.
How much takeaway trash can be produced each day ?
Around 11:30pm, Xiao Liu hurriedly ran into a commercial building in Wudaokou. He had no time to wait for the elevator. He chose to climb upstairs to take a meal at the food stall on the third floor. At this time, in the stairway leading to the food stalls, there were already many takeaways and meteors who ran up and down like a moon. The atmosphere was very tense. People who ran up took the mobile phone in their hands, and the people who ran down took a variety of takeaways with both hands. , fried chicken, rice noodles, fried rice cakes, rice bowl...
The peak period of delivery was taken by the delivery boy as the “meals”. In the takeout hotspot, a university campus, the distribution frequency of a delivery boy can reach 4 to 5 times. There are about 4 to 5 orders for delivery. In the aspect of takeaway restaurants, according to observation by the Beijing Youth Daily reporter, taking takeaway rice noodles as an example, the order volume range during the “meals” period is 16 to 25, and there is a pair of chopsticks, a plastic spoon, and a plastic round bowl in the standard package. A plastic round bowl lid, a plastic bag. If the user orders soy sauce, vinegar or pepper, then it will produce 3 to 5 plastic bags. According to the statistics of standard orders, a “rice mouth” rice noodles takeaway will produce 16 to 25 lunch boxes.
In this gourmet food stall, a total of 14 merchants were gathered. The order volume of each household varied from 20 to 50. Take 3 standard lunch boxes as an example. This food stall is in a “mouth of mouth”. The number of snack boxes produced was 840 to 2100.
In comparison, the number of takeaways in large chain restaurants is even more impressive. According to the owner of a northwestern restaurant chain, "We have about 4.4 million take-out orders a year. We use an average of four lunch boxes per order, and we should use 17 million lunch boxes a year." The owner admitted to the restaurant In terms of speaking, the most concerned is how to ensure that the delivery takes place in 25 minutes to an hour before the customer. It also ensures that the color, smell, taste and shape of the dish will not change. "We also tried paper boxes," he said. "But the Chinese food is particularly rich and complex. After a few minutes with soup and water, the cartons have basically penetrated and can't be realized in an hour."
According to data released by Xinhua News Agency, China has more than 20 million takeaways every day. However, the large amount of waste generated is also worrying. The used lunch boxes can be picked up enough to transfer from Earth to the International Space Station for three and a half times. Plastic bags can cover 168 football fields.
Rapid development of takeaways brings garbage problems
According to the "China's plastic products industry production and sales demand and investment forecast analysis report," data show that from January to May 2017, China's cumulative production of plastic products 30.47 million tons, a cumulative increase of 3.8%. The growth of plastic products is inextricably linked with the emergence and development of emerging industries such as take-aways. At the "Seminar on the Safety and Environmental Protection of Take-away Food Packaging" held recently, Zhou Lili, a senior engineer of the Integrated Business Department of China Plastics Processing Industry Association, introduced that in disposable tableware, plastic products accounted for a larger proportion. China's current total amount of disposable tableware plastics is among the larger consumer groups in the world. But in fact if the average person counts down, we are not consuming the greatest amount, and the United States should consume the most.
How big is China's takeout market? Look at the data released by the two major take-away platforms.
The US delegation's big data show that the national take-away industry is developing rapidly in 2016: In 2016, the transaction volume of the take-out industry reached 130 billion, and it is expected to exceed 200 billion in 2017 and reach 300 billion in 2018. From the user perspective, 3 out of every 10 Chinese are take-out users. If you are hungry, it is expected that the takeout market will exceed 700 billion in 2020.
According to the analysis, the primary reasons for Chinese users to choose online food delivery are busy with no time for cooking, reluctance to cook at home, take-away promotions, take-away meals, poor weather, and lifestyle habits. Among them, the rapid pace of work and the tightness of time were the main reasons for the user to take delivery. 42.7% of the users chose takeout to solve work meals, and 21.8% of users did not want to cook at home.
"No utensils needed" option is not effective
Take-away food delivery companies are very concerned about the problem of tableware waste. A few days ago, the U.S. delegation's comments and hungry began to try out the "no need for cutlery" service. That is, on the APP order page, the "no need for cutlery" option was added. The cutlery here refers to disposable chopsticks. It is understood that the U.S. delegation took delivery of the "Qingshan Plan" this year and set up a chief environmental protection officer to encourage users to participate in the "self-prepared tableware" activities and to reduce the use of disposable tableware such as chopsticks and napkins. At the same time, food and beverage companies that promised to use "environmentally friendly lunch boxes and packaging" will light green labels and increase screening items. Consumers can select one-click products and invite consumers and professional organizations to supervise catering companies that promise to use "environmental food container packaging." .
Hungry? This year, the "Blue Planet" program is launched. On the order confirmation page of the new version of the APP, the "Need No Cutlery" remarks option is added, and points are awarded to users who choose "Without Cutlery". Hungry? Points Mall will open an environmental protection zone for users to use the points to claim the desert public welfare forest, exchange of green shopping bags. At present, we have reached preliminary cooperation intentions with well-known environmental protection organizations such as the Alashan SEE Foundation.
However, it is understood that the trial results are not very satisfactory. Some businesses would rather concentrate on the taste preferences of diners, make efforts, be afraid of mistakes, such as less sugar, less oil, not parsley, etc., but for the issue of holding chopsticks, holding "it would rather believe it, do not believe It's not a state of mind. “If chopsticks are not put in place,” said the owner of a restaurant. “What should I do if the guests give me a bad review? I have to send someone to send them again, and the labor costs will come up again.”
Some analysts believe that the take-away platform can play a limited role in dealing with take-away garbage. only catering companies, disposable tableware manufacturers, and consumers who provide food delivery services are responsible for the corresponding responsibilities. All parties can work together to improve the environmental protection problems brought by the current takeaway lunch boxes.
Discarded tableware should be recycled
Zhou Lili, senior engineer of the integrated business department of the China Plastics Processing Industry Association, pointed out that plastic products are a contradictory product. It facilitates our lives, but it also brings about environmental protection issues. Zhou Lili suggested that relevant departments formulate a rule on how to recycle these abandoned food and beverages, how to regenerate them, and how to manage them properly. “We also propose to focus on inspections in some key areas and set up some recycling points. Of course, this cost I think should be in accordance with the production enterprises, dealers, and the pattern of white polystyrene lunch boxes, which is the contribution to environmental protection. We also recommend using degradable materials as much as possible in the future if conditions are met."
Meng Suhe, director of the China Food Science and Technology Society, said that in terms of safety and environmental protection for take-away lunch boxes, catering platforms should actively formulate barriers to entry, guide catering companies to select qualified, safe, and environmentally-friendly lunch box products, and eliminate catering that does not attach importance to environmental protection and safety. enterprise. For the lunch box production company, Meng Suhe believes that due to the characteristics of cooking and eating in Chinese cuisine, it is necessary to actively produce lunch boxes suitable for Chinese food delivery and to ensure its environmental protection properties and product quality.
According to the director of the State Key Laboratory of Food Contact Materials (Changzhou), Shang Guiqin believes that food delivery companies can set industry standards for the fast food industry, unify the standards for lunch boxes, choose the production companies and suppliers that can meet the standards, and make decisions from the perspective of social responsibility. Environmental choices.
Just rely on "widely informed"
It is difficult to solve the problem in the short term
The problem of pollution in fast food boxes has recently become a hot topic in public opinion. Experts say that the amount of plastic used in the United States far exceeds that of China, but public opinion in the United States has not heatedly discussed pollution issues. From a certain point of view, the degree of concern of our citizens for environmental protection is the fastest in the world.
The two take-away food delivery companies took the lead in making environmental protection measures and tried to remind users to appropriately reduce the use of disposable dining products. This is commendable. This work not only reduces the pollution of disposable tableware to our country, but also the corporate culture and corporate image of two responsible large companies.
In the next ten years, the socialization, intensification, and industrialization of the kitchen will have tremendous development. The consequent problem of disposable tableware pollution will also develop rapidly. It is not time for me to wait. If we only rely on these companies' persuasive advice, we must not be able to solve such a huge social problem in the short term.
According to hungry, it is reflected that although the “no need to cutlery” option is designed on the APP, it is true that some people often check this option, but many businesses still provide a unified tableware for each takeaway. The reason is that a tableware that selectively removes some orders will be very troublesome. Second, if you make a mistake, customers will be charged for the additional cost of the tableware. There is also a case in which the customer does not dare not make up the cutlery. So this very worthy boast of environmental protection has become a display.
Therefore, to solve the problem of white garbage, we must first rely on the consciousness of the people. How to quickly improve national environmental awareness is the key to the problem. In fact, these companies do not have publicity. Everyone who has a habit of taking delivery habits will certainly be able to express a lot of profound insights into environmental issues. However, I would like to be reluctant to practice my actions. I would like to avoid the need to exchange my own small troubles for the improvement of the national living environment. This is another problem.