Editor's Note: The "Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan for Industrial Textiles" conference brought three major opportunities: The first is market opportunities. The second is strategic opportunities. The third is the development opportunity.
The 12th Five-Year Development Plan for Industrial Textiles is a programmatic document guiding the future development of the industrial textile industry. The "Planning" pointed out that industrial textiles have high technical content, wide application range and large market potential, and its development level is an important indicator to measure the comprehensive strength of a country's textile industry. The formulation and implementation of the Plan will definitely boost industry confidence and stimulate its development.
The "Planning" conference brings three major opportunities:
The first is market opportunities. The six key areas have strong needs and the market potential is huge.
The second is strategic opportunities. In any era, any country, the industrial promotion at the national level will promote the rapid development of the industry.
The third is the development opportunity. The current situation of low industrial concentration contains many investment development opportunities, and there is huge room for development for high-quality enterprises that produce high-quality products.
The release of the "Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan for Industrial Textiles" attracted many attentions. Recently, Li Lingshen, deputy secretary-general of the China National Textile and Apparel Council and president of the China Industrial Textiles Industry Association, gave a detailed explanation of the background, significance and implementation of the "Planning" in an interview, and combed the status quo of the industrial textile industry. It also explains the industry development path during the 12th Five-Year Plan period.
Boost confidence and stimulate the development of the industry
As the best combination of traditio
non-woven fabric industry and strategic emerging industry, the transformation from textile power to textile power, the development of industrial textile industry is definitely one of the signs. The qualities of technical textiles have led to an increase in comparative advantage to competitive advantage.
In the textile industry system, the industrial textile industry is like a gifted child, and the time from toddler to big step is far less than others. In 2010, the total processing volume of industrial textile fiber reached 8.22 million tons, an increase of 124.9% over 2005; the current production value of the product exceeded 500 billion yuan, 1.7 times higher than that in 2005; the export value reached 13.8 billion US dollars, 1.5 times more than that in 2005. .
Young industries need to be healthy and develop with less external forces, especially the support of government departments. In economic development, any industry can only improve its industrial status if it is recognized by government departments and downstream industries. In developed countries and regions, basic research on technical textiles is often funded by the government, which shortens the process of enterprise exploration and accelerates the pace of industry advancement.
The status of industrial textiles is gradually improving. In the "Planning Industry Adjustment and Revitalization Plan" promulgated in 2009 and the programmatic documents issued by the China National Textile and Apparel Council in the near stage, there are many inks for industrial textiles. At present, there are many projects in the industry that have received special funding from the National Science and Technology Support Program, which is not a small encouragement for private enterprises.
Li Lingshen introduced that "Planning" was released before the Spring Festival of the Year of the Dragon because it had been fully demonstrated and meticulously communicated. In this process, the relevant departments of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine have a deep understanding of the significance and status of the industrial textile industry that is environmentally friendly and protects human health and safety. This is to establish an inter-departmental coordination mechanism and increase Policy support is essential.
Li Lingshen said that the "Planning" jointly prepared and released by the three ministries has upgraded the development of the industrial textile industry to a new strategic level, creating a good policy and public opinion environment for the development of the industry, which will greatly encourage industry confidence and promote the industry. A new round of intensive growth.
"Unlimited replacement" is also entangled and troubled
The production capacity of industrial textiles is growing rapidly, and its share in the textile industry is increasing. Its market is more due to the substitution of other products. In the words of Li Lingshen, "you can think of it, industrial textiles can be replaced." Taking Baby diaper
s in medical and Sanitary
textiles as an example, most of the diaper
s made of traditio
nal textiles have been replaced today. In addition, such as non-woven wipes instead of paper towels, carbon fiber aircraft body instead of me
tal body? ? Many markets for industrial textiles are ba
sed on the replacement of traditio
However, industrial textiles with excellent performance and high production efficiency have also encountered problems in “unlimited replacement”. On the one hand, there is a time lag in understanding with downstream industries. For example, there are many domestic carbon fiber projects, but the application is still limited to aircraft fuselage, wind power blades and other products. Even if bicycles are developed, there is still a distance from people’s daily consumption, and Korea has applied it to mobile phone casings. In daily consumer goods. On the other hand, “alternative” will impact the traditional product interest chain. For example, if hospitals use disposable nonwoven fabric protection and insulation products, the laundry industry in the era of traditional cotton products will be affected, and even affect the market of antibiotic companies; the large use of non-woven wipes will make Paper companies are squeezed? ? A variety of visible and invisible original interest chains put industrial textiles at the threshold of application.
Li Lingshen said that this requires the guidance of "authoritative consumption." Chinese companies and users are willing to see how much a certain product has been applied abroad. Why is the postoperative infection rate in developed countries low? Why is the building still standing tall after the earthquake in Japan? Why is the highway in Europe not cracking or cracking? Because they use a variety of high-quality industrial textiles. If domestic production and use companies get more such information, they will encourage the development and use of textile products other than home textiles and apparel.
Despite the various thresholds, with the passage of time, the application fields of various industrial textiles are expanding under the efforts of all parties. From large-scale water conservancy projects supported by the state, aerospace projects, to transportation and daily necessities around the people, there will be more and more textiles other than clothing and home textiles.
The Planning also includes six key areas: medical and sanitary textiles, textiles for filtration and separation, geotextiles and construction textiles, textiles for vehicles, textiles for safety and protection, and textiles for structural reinforcement. It can be foreseen that during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, in the process of policy support and self-improvement of the industry, these products will participate in the production and life of the whole society with higher quality and wider participation.
The gap is still a bit difficult to get into the international
Li Lingshen evaluates the difficulties faced by the industry development with an objective attitude. Although there are “thresholds” as above, our products and industries are still not perfect. Domestic industrial textiles are not perfect, and there is still a big gap between them and developed countries. Take the high-temperature filter material used for bag dust removal as an example. Because of the gap between fiber technology, manufacturing technology and finishing technology, the current life of filter bags produced by European companies is 6 years. Our goal is to produce domestic filter at the end of the 12th Five-Year Plan. The bag has a service life of 4 years, which is based on the current level of technical development. The gap is evident.
In the analysis of the challenges faced by the industrial textile industry during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, “Planning” pointed out that developed countries rely on technology and supply chain integration advantages to occupy the high-end and active position of the global vertical division of labor, monopolizing most of the high-tech and high-addition. Value industrial textile market. With the implementation of the re-industrialization strategy of developed countries, it will further consolidate and expand its leading position in the field of industrial textiles, and increase the difficulty of structural adjustment of China's industrial textile industry, development of high-performance products and entry into the high-end market.
This adjustment of the international industrial structure has undoubtedly increased the difficulty of developing high-end industrial textiles in China. Many developed countries have restricted the export of high-performance textiles to China. In international exchanges, their peers are worried about the Chinese. They are worried about the loss of technology and China's insufficient protection of intellectual property rights. Li Lingshen said that we must welcome advanced foreign companies to China with a learning attitude, and the Chinese market is also very attractive to foreign companies.
The advanced technology in developed countries is not only technology, but also the regulation and sophistication of its management. Li Lingshen said that the contrast between the two companies he saw not long ago has greatly impressed him. When visiting the foreign-invested geotextile enterprises in Zhuhai, you can see that the workshop is spotless, without any broken wires, broken tails and oil, and the products are produced. It is immediately neatly arranged on the shelves – these products, which will eventually be buried in the soil, will be as clean as the surgical cans that will be used on hospital beds. When visiting domestic companies, the products are produced and thrown on the ground, and they are not afraid of dust – because they need to be rinsed behind. Managing benefits is often no less than technology. Therefore, Li Lingshen hopes to have more advanced foreign-funded enterprises or joint ventures to play a model role in the development of the industry.
The development idea of "market-for-technology" has a market. By 2011, a number of large foreign companies have entered China. The path of learning, digestion, absorption and independent innovation experienced by many manufacturing industries in China is also applicable to the industrial textile industry.
Structural adjustment, spit, new welcome machine
Foreign-invested enterprises entering China and large domestic enterprises to increase investment are the direct engines for industrial textiles to adjust their industrial structure. In the "Planning", the structural adjustment target of the industrial textile industry is to cultivate 3 to 5 key enterprises with international competitiveness and sales scale of more than 5 billion yuan by the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", and the sales scale exceeds 10 billion yuan. There are 3 to 5 industrial clusters, forming an industrial structure with complementary advantages in the eastern, central and western regions.
The current situation is that there are a large number of industrial textile enterprises, but most of them are small and medium-sized enterprises, and there are few enterprises that have influence on the complete industrial chain. Li Lingshen said that the adjustment of the structure is to vomit the new, and use the demonstration effect of leading enterprises to drive the industry forward. However, he also stressed that adjusting the structure is not to achieve absolute optimization of the structure. From the perspective of market demand, a large number of end products should be normally distributed. The industry chain must be “sized and combined”, with high-end products and high-end enterprises, but it does not exclude low-end products with key use functions.
For the enterprise, the release of the "Plan" will bring three major opportunities: The first is the market opportunity. The specific applications of medical, automotive, filtration, separation, geotechnical, and protection, which are covered by the six key areas, have strong demands and have huge market potential. The second is strategic opportunities. At any time and in any country, industrial promotion at the government level will promote the rapid development of the industry. The industrial textile industry closely related to environmental protection, health and safety is in full compliance with the current era theme. The “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” is of course the best strategic opportunity for the development of the industry. The third is the development opportunity. The current situation of low industrial concentration implies a lot of investment development opportunities. For high-quality enterprises that produce high-quality products, the situation of “overcapacity” will not appear, and there is huge room for development.
Association work, future service will be more
The China Industrial Textiles Industry Association has done a lot of work to promote the development of the industry. Li Lingshen introduced that during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the association should further extend its service functions.
The construction of the standard system is an important task. The new products should be standardized, the backward standards should be revised, and the imperfect standards should be supplemented. Connecting standards to international standards is one of the means to improve competitiveness.
The downstream users of industrial textiles span many fields and establish a good inter-departmental linkage mechanism to enable products to effectively interface with the market. The association will continue to communicate with downstream industries through exhibitions, forums, etc., and even promote the connection between industry enterprises and user enterprises, and create value for enterprises through services.
"Differentiated service" is the concept that the association has been pursuing. The member companies of the association are not differentiated according to the size of the "big" or "small", nor according to the "good" or "bad" development, but according to the different needs of the association's services. For industrial clusters, the association is a leading service enterprise, and the development of the entire cluster is driven by the knowledge spillover of leading enterprises.
The "Planning" proposes to solve key common technologies, and "commonness" is also classified according to different application fields. The association has set up branches in key areas, and the members are experts or entrepreneurs in various fields to carry out more technical exchanges to avoid the situation of “professional layman”.
At the same time, Li Lingshen said that the association is still a young institution. Most of the staff are young, energetic and creative, but there are also shortcomings in the industry. For this, he asks everyone to strengthen their studies and learn the skills first. Better serve the industry.
"Innovation is not so advanced. Today is not the same as yesterday. Tomorrow is not the same as today. It is innovation." This is Li Lingshen's interpretation.