For the majority of female friends, in the "inco
nvenient few days" every month, there is no shortage of Sanitary napkin
s. But in India, many poor women can't afford Sanitary
napkins, and can o
nly deal with rags or simple things. To this end, the Indian man Muruga South Sam (hereinafter referred to as Mulu) has developed a machine for the production of cheap sanitary napkins for several years, allowing more Indian women to use sanitary napkins.
The invention has given Mulu a lot of praise, and he intends to promote it in other countries around the world, so that more women in poor areas can use sanitary napkins. In the list of the world's 100 most influential figures released by Time magazine magazine in recent days, Mulu's name appears in the column of pioneers.
Mulu’s motivation to start the invention was simple—the wife didn’t have to worry about choosing to buy food or a sanitary napkin. This story tells us that women's needs are always the most powerful driving force for men to invent. Comprehensive Xinhua News Agency
Wife uses rags as sanitary napkins
"All I did was because of my wife." Mulu said.
In 1998, Mulu was a wife. The newly-married Yaner, who turned around his wife all day, was diligent. One day, he found that his wife was hiding something and walked over with a suspicious look. It was actually a rag.
"To tell the truth, the cloth is broken and I don't want to wipe the motorcycle," Mulu said. He did not expect his wife to take it as a sanitary napkin.
“Why don’t you buy sanitary napkins?” he asked. The wife told him that he couldn't afford it. once he bought a sanitary napkin, he couldn't buy milk or other daily necessities.
Hearing his wife said that Mulu was very upset. In order to please his wife, he went to the city to buy sanitary napkins. He remembered the clerk's cover of the sanitary napkin to him, as if it was something that was unspeakable.
He put the sanitary napkin on the palm
The amount of sputum, only about 10 grams but sold for 4 rupees (about 0.41 yuan), is 40 times the price of the same weight cotton. Mulu is puzzled: Why is the price difference between the two so big? Can you make sanitary napkins cheaper?
Mulu later learned that there are still many women in the country who can't afford sanitary napkins like their wives. Some people say that buying one thing for yourself means buying less of the same thing for the child. Many women do not understand menstrual hygiene knowledge, and the menstrual supplies are varied, except for rags, sand, sawdust, leaves, and even ash. People generally regard women's menstruation as unclean, disgraceful things, do not understand menstrual cloth needs to be exposed to the sun, feel that it is shameful.
Mulu is determined to change this situation. He used a cotton-made sanitary napkin to let his wife try it out. He let the sisters and other familiar women try, but they rejected him out of shyness and suspicion. He went to the local medical school to find a college girl, persuaded 20 people to try the sanitary napkins he produced, but only three people gave him feedback.
twists and turns
Wife and widowed mother have left
In desperation, Mulu decided to personally experience the feeling of using sanitary napkins. He got a drug from a friend who works in the blood bank to prevent rapid blood coagulation, mixed with sheep blood into the football liner, and poked a few holes in the gallbladder wall. He carried the "uterus" and the sanitary napkin placed under the "uterus" to walk, run, and ride the bicycle to check the effect of the sanitary napkin.
People around me feel that Mulu is crazy. The villagers saw his underwear washing blood and blood, and he was found to have contracted sexually transmitted diseases. His friends were far away from him.
And his wife couldn't stand the fact that he spent almost all of his time and money on this matter, and he couldn't stand the gossip. He left him back to his family. “The villagers said that he was infected with other women, so he would do these things,” the wife said.
For the departure of his wife, Mulu ridiculed himself: "You will be joking when you look at God. I started to study this for her. After 18 months, she left me."
But this did not let Mulu give up. He began further research – allowing medical school girls to try out the sanitary napkins he made in different ways, and to recycle the sanitary napkins they used to compare the absorption of blood from sanitary napkins of different materials.
Local feudal superstitions are prevalent, and Mulu needs considerable courage to do so. He said: "Even if I want to have a hair to a woman, she will doubt that I want to harm her."
One afternoon, Mulu’s widowed mother went to the backyard and saw a slippery “dirty thing” on the ground, and felt “enough”! She counted Mulu and settled and left the house.
"This is troublesome." Mulu realized, "I have to cook myself."
The worse thing is still behind. The villagers decided that Mulu was possessed by the demon. He had to tie his head down to the tree and asked the wizard to exorcise him. Later, he agreed to move out of the village before he gave up.
Received the “National Innovation Award” from India
Mulu's education is not high. I want to write a letter to a technical expert and I can't write it, so I found a university professor to help. In return, he gave the professor housework. Under the guidance of the experts, Mulu found the crux of his sanitary napkins: the wood pulp was not added to the cotton.
After four and a half years of hard work, Mulu developed a simple device for the production of sanitary napkins, which can produce 200 to 250 UV-sterilized sanitary napkins per day, each priced at only 2.5 rupees (about 0.26 yuan).
The Indian Institute of Technology applied for the India National Innovation Award for the Mulu equipment and received the highest rating in 943 participating projects. At that time, President Pratibat Patil awarded Mulu.
"Glory suddenly came, and the flash of the media flashed at me," Mulu said. Not long after he received a call: "Remember who I am?" It turned out to be his wife, Chandy. Chandy said that she was not surprised by her husband's success. "If he wants to know something new, he will ask the bottom, and then he will do what no one has done." Shortly after the wife returned to Mulu, the mother and the original The villagers who drove him also changed their minds.
Chandy is now a good assistant to Mulu, who often presents sanitary napkins to girls and introduces some health knowledge. Chantil said: "I was particularly embarrassed when I talked to others. But then they gradually let go. Now they will come to me and ask for a sanitary napkin. The village has changed a lot."
Unselfish promotion throughout India
After the success, Mulu did not intend to use the reputation to make money and get rich. He works with NGOs to give production equipment to women in poor areas, create jobs for them, and make more women affordable.
He led the staff to preach the menstrual health knowledge and promote the use of sanitary napkins, but also encountered a lot of resistance.
In some parts of India, local women have never seen sanitary napkins, and they dare not use them. They also suspect that the use of sanitary napkins will be blind and will not find a husband. Other places are very occluded and conservative. Women who speak with strange men must be allowed by males such as husbands and fathers. Menstrual hygiene is a taboo topic.
But Mulu overcame many difficulties and sent equipment for the production of sanitary napkins to 1,300 villages in 23 states across India.
He believes that homemade sanitary napkins can not only improve women's health, but also create jobs for them, increase income, subsidize households, and protect them from the plight of their mothers.
After Mulu’s father died in a car accident in the early years, his mother saved money and worked hard. He earned only one dollar a day, not enough to support four children, and that when Mulu was 14 years old, he dropped out of school to find a job.
The equipment for the production of sanitary napkins developed by Mulu is simple to operate, and most people can learn in an hour. These devices are installed in women's homes. In some places, women do not need sanitary napkins in addition to the expensive price, there is another reason is that I am embarrassed to go to the male-run store to buy. But now they can buy sanitary napkins from sisters at a low price, even with potatoes, onions and other items, and learn about menstrual hygiene from the seller.
Mulu also gave some equipment to the school. “Why wait until they grow up? Why don’t they create good conditions for them when they are girls?” Mulu said.